Certain branched alkanes have common names that are still widely used today. For example a one carbon branch is called a methyl group.
Cyclic hydrocarbons have the prefix cyclo.
Naming alkanes worksheet #1. When naming branched alkanes by iupac rules identify and name the longest continuous carbon chain first. 1 22 2 3 c 3 4 3 5 6 7 3 8 9 10. H3cch2 ch2 ch ch2 ch2 ch2 ch3 ch3 4.
Draw a line through these carbons if it s helpful assign an alkane name according to the number of carbons in this chain such as butane pentane. Chain of carbons it doesn t have to be straight. 2 naming alkanes worksheet.
2 methylpropane 2 methylbutane 4 ethylheptane 3 ethyl 4 methylheptane 5 propyl 3 methyloctane 3 3 5 trimethylheptane 2 2 dimethylbutane 2 2 dimethylpropane 3 3 diethylpentane 3 butyl 3 methyloctane. H3cch ch3 ch2 ch3 3. All you need to accomplish is just a little research and you will have a way to obtain the exact type of number worksheets math.
The names of alkyl groups are the same as those of analogous alkanes except that their. H3cch2 ch2 ch ch ch3 ch2 ch3 ch2 ch3 5. H3cch2 ch2 ch2 ch2 h3cch2 ch2 ch2 c ch3 ch2 ch3 7.
Then identify the branch or branches. Name period over naming alkanes worksheet 1 name the following branched alkanes. The naming of cycloalkanes follows a simple set of rules that are built upon the same basic steps in naming alkanes.
There are certainly a lot of those activities online. These common names make use of prefixes such as iso sec tert and neo the prefix iso which stands for isomer is commonly given to 2 methyl alkanes in other words if there is methyl group located on the second carbon of a carbon chain we can use the prefix iso. Using common names with branched alkanes.
Naming hydrocarbons worksheet and key write the name of each of the hydrocarbon molecules shown below. H3cch ch3 ch3 2. The general formula of the cycloalkanes is c nh 2n where n is the number of carbons.
However the common names do not generally follow the basic iupac nomenclature rules. Naming and drawing alkanes for each alkane write the correct iupac name. H2cch ch2 ch ch3 ch2 ch2 ch3 ch3.
The branches are called alkyl groups. H3cch2 ch ch2 ch ch2 ch3 ch3 ch2 ch2 ch3 6. Naming alkanes worksheet 1 name the following branched alkanes.
Naming and drawing alkenes worksheet and key 1 draw and name the cis and trans condensed structure of cis condensed structure trans condensed structure name name 2 name the following alkenes include cis or trans forthe alkenes thatwhen appropriate.